Rules of the Game

Points, sets

  • A set (except the deciding 3rd set) is won by the team which first scores 21 points with a minimum lead of two points. In the case of a 20-20 tie, play is continued until a two-point lead is achieved (22-20; 23-21; etc).
  • The match is won by the team that wins two sets.
  • In the case of a 1-1 tie, the deciding 3rd set is played to 15 points with a minimum lead of 2 points.


  • Contact with the net by a player between the antennae, during the action of playing the ball, is a fault. The action of playing the ball includes (among others) take-off, hit (or attempt) and landing.
  • When the ball is driven into the net, causing it to touch an opponent, no fault is committed.



  • FIVB, World and Official Competitions must be played with FIVB approved balls which is in the 2016 season – MIKASA VLS 300
  • Colour: light colours or a combination of colours.
  • Circumference: 66 to 68 cm.
  • Weight: 260 to 280 g.
  • Inside pressure: 0.175 to 0.225 kg/cm2 (171 to 221 mbar or hPa).

Court switches:

  • The teams switch after every 7 points (Set 1 and 2) and 5 points (Set
    3) played.


  • 12 seconds shall be the maximum time from the end of a rally to the whistle for service under normal playing conditions
  • Each team may request a maximum of one time-out per set.
  • For FIVB, World and Official Competitions, in sets 1 and 2, one additional 30-second “Technical Time-Out” is applied automatically when the sum of the points scored by the teams
    equals 21 points.
  • All intervals last one minute


  • the top of net is set at the height of 2.43 m for men and 2.24 m for women.
  • the sand must be at least 40 cm deep
  • The playing court is a rectangle measuring 16 x 8 m
  • All lines are 5 cm wide